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   Table of Contents - Current issue
September-December 2022
Volume 3 | Issue 3
Page Nos. 55-86

Online since Tuesday, August 16, 2022

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Oral and dental services in a family health center: A personal note Highly accessed article p. 55
Thorakkal Shamim
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Propolis: A natural remedy to clinical problems in pediatric dentistry p. 57
Sanhati Biswas, K Premkishore
Physiology of a child is much different from an adult and a child should not be considered a small-sized adult. They have different developmental pharmacokinetics due to which they are more sensitive to drug effects. This has led to the adoption of new dental materials derived from natural origin instead of conventional chemicals to reduce the side effects and complications. Propolis is one such natural substance that is widely used for various clinical trials in dentistry and has shown very promising results. Due to its anti-inflammatory, anticariogenic, and immunomodulating effects, it has now become quite familiar material in dental applications. It is eco-friendly, economical, complications free, easily available, and easy to use in daily dental practices. Hence, it has opened a new field of research and analysis for scientists and researchers.
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Surgical considerations and related complications in oral implantology: A comprehensive review p. 62
Shubhanshi Omar, Honey Jaiswal, Prince Kumar, Sunil Kumar Mishra
Dental implants have become a remarkable face of modern dentistry and are considered to be one of the several treatment options that can be used to replace missing teeth, which is considered to be an advanced procedure for oral health. The biologic basis of hard- and soft-tissue interfaces between the implant and the surrounding tissues and their clinical relevance plays a major role in the success of implant. Further, it is very crucial to explore the best suited approach for implant treatment planning. Numerous surgical protocols are required to cover the standard sets of steps for placing implant in complex as well as noncomplex situations for implant-supported dental prosthetics. However, dental implants may fail as a result of mechanical complications, such as screw loosening or due to biological causes such as periimplant diseases. As a result, dental personnel should be able to recognize these complications and the factors that have negative effects on the success of such implant-supported restorations or prostheses. Therefore, it is required to have an appropriate knowledge of dental implants for every dental student, hygienist, and dentist. Maintenance of implant-supported restorations and prostheses requires long-term follow-ups, so it is the responsibility of the patient to maintain good oral hygiene.
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Reverse smoking and its effects among indian reverse smokers: A scoping review p. 67
Divya Vinnakota, Saira Hakkim, Maneesha Varghese Pellissery, Madhini Sivasubramanian, Mohammad Tariqul Islam Khan, Afroza Hoque, Abu Rushd Mohammad Mashrur, Ali Davod Parsa, Russell Kabir
Reverse smoking is a unique style of tobacco use in which the smoker places the lit end of a chutta into his or her mouth while smoking and then inhales the smoke from the lit end. The purpose of this scoping review is to explore reverse smoking and identify its effects among Indian reverse smokers. Literature search was conducted using PubMed, PubMed Central, Embase, and CINAHL Plus. Boolean operators AND/OR was used with the search terms. Search was limited to the original research articles, English language articles, and full-text articles. Finally seven original articles were selected for the scoping review. The studies were conducted between 1971 and 2016, where more studies were identified in the 21st century (2002–2016). Four themes emerged from the data analysis. The first themes explore the palatal mucosal changes in reverse smokers; the second theme presents carcinoma and reverse smoking; third theme focuses on effects of keratinization on detection of epithelial atypia, and lastly, the fourth theme focuses on reverse smoking and psychosocial factors. Reverse smokers are more likely to develop precancerous palatal alterations and squamous cell carcinoma of the palate. To make healthy choices, a strong focus on health promotion is required, which includes initiatives that emphasize the need of educating individuals about disease risks.
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Assessment and comparison of periodontal status and its impact on oral health-related quality of life among urban and rural adults of Uttar Pradesh: A cross-sectional study p. 75
Sasmita Dalai, Pradeep Tangade, Vikas Singh, Ankita Jain, Surbhi Priyadarshi, Jagriti Yadav
Context: Periodontal diseases negatively influence people's oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) and despite advancements; still disparity exists among urban and rural dwellers. OHRQoL helps in a better understanding of subjective perception ensuring a better treatment plan that fits the patient's needs and concerns. Aims and Objectives: (1) To record the periodontal status of urban and rural populations of Moradabad using WHO pro forma 2013. (2) To assess and compare the OHRQoL using the oral health impact profile-14 (OHIP-14). Subjects and Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted among the rural (350) and urban (350) population of Moradabad aged 35–44 years, chosen from the outpatient department of Teerthanker Mahaveer Dental College and Hospital. The WHO oral health assessment form for adults (2013) was used to assess the periodontal status and OHIP-14 was used for assessing OHRQoL. Statistical Analysis Used: SPSS version 19.0 was used for statistical analysis. Chi-square, Student's t-test, and multiple logistic regression analysis were employed for statistical analysis. Results: The prevalence of loss of attachment (LOA) (93.20%), presence of pocket (76.0%), and bleeding on probing (BOP) (74.0%) was significantly higher among the rural population. The mean OHIP scores were significantly higher for the rural population as compared to urban counterparts. Among the study population, OHIP 14 was significantly (P ≤ 0.05) associated with age, gender, socioeconomic status, location, and periodontal parameters (LOA, Pocket, and BOP). Conclusions: The study shows that there is a significant association between periodontal status and OHRQoL. Rural individuals had a greater impact on OHRQoL than their urban counterpart. Strategies should be planned and implemented to minimize the disparity.
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Salivary gland calculus - A painless and self-regressing swelling p. 82
Arpan Manna
Salivary gland disorder occurs commonly because of salivary calculi, which may occur at any age and involves any of the salivary glands. Most of the cases of sialolithiasis occur in the submandibular salivary gland as its duct is most prone to and common for acute and chronic infections. The symptoms include decreased or obstructed salivary flow. This case report presents a case of a patient with sialolithiasis of the submandibular gland and its treatment. It also includes etiology, signs and symptoms, diagnosis, and various treatment modalities.
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Imperative role of internet in biomedical literature search and data collection: An update p. 85
Prince Kumar
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